Iran – an Islamic Republic
a mural outside an mosque in Shiraz, Iran.
Following a revolution in 1979, Iran is mad a Islamic Republic. What does that mean?
Article 4 of its constitution states:
All civil, penal financial, economic, administrative, cultural, military, political, and other laws and regulations must be based on Islamic criteria. This principle applies absolutely and generally to all articles of the Constitution as well as to all other laws and regulations, and the fuqaha’ of the Guardian Council are judges in this matter.